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TypeCakes and breadsCourseDessertPlace of originVietnamRegion or stateSoutheast AsiaMain ingredientsUsually rice flour, wheat flour, pressed glutinous rice, or tapiocaSimilar dishesMont, Khanom, Kue, Kuih

In Vietnamese, the term bánh (Hanoi: <ɓaʲŋ̟˧˥> or Saigon: <ɓan˧˥>, Chữ Nôm: 餅) translates loosely as "cake" or "bread", but refers lớn a wide variety of prepared foods that can easily be eaten by hands or chopsticks. With the addition of qualifying adjectives, bánh refers to lớn a wide variety of sweet or savoury, distinct cakes, buns, pastries, sandwiches, & other food items, which may be cooked by steaming, baking, frying, deep-frying, or boiling. Foods made from wheat flour or rice flour are generally called bánh, but the term may also refer to certain varieties of noodle & fish cake dishes, such as bánh canh & bánh hỏi.

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Each variety of bánh is designated by a descriptive word or phrase that follows the word bánh, such as bánh trườn (lit. cow cake) or bánh chuối (lit. banana cake). Bánh that are wrapped in leaves before steaming are called bánh lá (lit. leaf cakes).

BánhVietnamese nameVietnamese alphabetChữ Nôm

In Vietnamese, the term bánh is not limited lớn Vietnamese cuisine: it applies equally khổng lồ items as varied as fortune cookies (bánh may mắn), pudding (bánh pudding, bánh pútđinh), caramel custard (bánh caramen, bánh flan), sacramental bread (Bánh Thánh), Hamburger (bánh Hamburger, bánh Hămbơgơ,), etc.

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In some cases, the word can also refer to lớn inedibles that have a cake-like shape, such as car tires (bánh xe), bath soaps, và compressed tobacco wheels.




There is a nearly endless variety of named dishes with the prefix bánh. What follows is a menu of the most typical traditional varieties of bánh.




Bánh bột lọc – tapioca cake packed with shrimpBánh bột thanh lọc lá – tiny rice flour dumplings stuffed with shrimp & ground pork & wrapped in a banana leaf; from HueBánh cam – deep-fried glutinous rice sesame balls filled with sweetened mung bean paste; from southern VietnamBánh ít – small stuffed glutinous rice flour ballsBánh ít trằn – "naked" small stuffed glutinous rice flour ballsBánh khúc – glutinous rice ballBánh nậm – flat rice flour dumpling from Hue stuffed with minced pork và wood ear mushroom, & seasoned with đen pepper và spices; wrapped in a banana leafBánh phu thê – (lit. husband & wife cake"; a sweet cake made of rice or tapioca flour & gelatin, filled with mung bean paste; also spelled bánh xu xê)Bánh phu thê bột bán (husband and wife cakes made with tapioca pearls)