How To Make Donuts At Home Made Doughnuts Recipe

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Foolproof recipes and expert advice for making cake & yeast doughnuts, plus techniques for safe, easy deep-frying, glaze & topping ideas, and a guide lớn ingredients và tools by Lara Ferroni


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Ingredients

Doughnuts are made using the simplest of pantry staples, including flour, yeast, baking powder or baking soda, sugar, butter, and oil for deep-frying. Here's a quick overview of essential doughnut-making ingredients.

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Flour Yeast or raised doughnuts benefit from higher-protein bread flour, which gives the dough a bit more elasticity, so it can trap more air pockets và create the lightest of pastries. All-purpose flour is better for cake doughnuts, which don't need the same gluten development, and are prone to lớn getting a bit tough with bread flour.

Yeast Active-dry yeast is typically used in raised doughnut recipes, but you can use instant yeast, in the same quantities, if you prefer. (Note that while active-dry and instant yeast aren't always interchangeable, in the particular case of doughnuts, you can safely swap one for the other.) If you're an active baker, skip the little envelopes, which are costly & produce more waste, & buy your yeast in a larger bag—bulk yeast is sometimes kept in the baking aisle but can also be found in the refrigerator case (usually near the eggs). Regardless of the type of yeast you use, store it in the refrigerator lớn keep it active for up to six months.

Baking Powder và Baking Soda Baking powder and baking soda are used to lớn leaven or create rise in cake doughnuts. Baking soda is four times stronger than baking powder, but requires an acid to lớn activate it, so recipes that use baking soda will also gọi for ingredients such as sour cream, buttermilk, or even cocoa powder khổng lồ make those doughnuts puff up.

Sugar Although you can use regular granulated sugar in doughnut recipes, superfine sugar mixes more easily into dry ingredients, và also works as a great doughnut-coating alternative to glazes. Less processed sugars are prone khổng lồ over-browning in fried doughnuts, so save the darker sugars, such as muscovado or light or dark brown sugar, for baked doughnuts.

Butter, Oil, and Other Fats In addition lớn any oil used for deep-frying, doughnuts need a bit of fat in their dough or batter khổng lồ ensure tenderness. Solid fats lượt thích butter, coconut oil, or lard tend to work better than liquid oils.

When frying doughnuts, chose oil with a high smoking point, such as safflower or peanut oil. Canola oil is an option, but it has a stronger flavor than other oils. Avoid oils that are simply labeled "vegetable oil," or any oil with a low smoke point, which will start khổng lồ burn at higher temperatures.

When you're done frying, save your oil và reuse it up lớn five times. Let the oil cool completely in the pot or the deep fryer và then pour it through a paper towel–lined strainer to remove any particles. Transfer used oil lớn a disposable container, such as a clean milk carton or the original bottle, & store it in a dark location.

When oil has been used about five times, or has darkened, it's time to throw it out. Don't dump it down the drain though—either pour the cooled oil into a disposable container và discard, or better, look for oil recycling centers in your area.

Tools

At-home doughnut making doesn't require a countertop deep fryer, and most cooks likely already own the few tools required. In addition lớn the more basic kitchen items, such as a rolling pin sạc for rolling out yeast doughnuts or a slotted spoon for removing doughnuts from the hot oil, you'll want khổng lồ have the following items out and ready before you get started.

Kitchen Scale While not essential, a kitchen scale makes it super-simple lớn measure flour and sugar consistently time after time. Flour, in particular, tends lớn compress when measured in cups, leading to excess flour being incorporated into dough. A scale also makes it very easy lớn double or halve a recipe. If you are a frequent baker, a kitchen scale is a must-have.

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Stand Mixer with Paddle Attachment và Dough Hook Although you can certainly make cake or raised doughnuts without one, a stand mixer with a dough hook takes the work out of kneading the dough khổng lồ activate the gluten. It also reduces the likelihood of adding too much flour khổng lồ the dough, which can make doughnuts tough. If a stand mixer isn't an option, cake doughnuts can be made with a hand mixer, but raised doughnuts are better worked with a wooden spoon & then kneaded by hand.

Pastry Bag & 1/2-inch Circular Tip A pastry or piping bag fitted with a ½-inch circular tip is used khổng lồ create round-bottomed cake doughnuts. You can also use a star-shaped tip to lớn create ridged crullers. Lost your pastry bag? The cut corner of a resealable plastic bag can be used in a pinch.

Doughnut Cutter A doughnut cutter makes quick work of punching out a dozen raised doughnuts. Look for one made of stiff metal & with a removable center punch for easier cleaning. If you don't have a doughnut cutter, use a small glass khổng lồ cut large rounds và punch a hole in the center with your finger, then gently stretch the hole into a 1½-inch-diameter circle.

Non-Terry Towels When proofing raised doughnuts, a well-floured non-terry towel keeps the dough from sticking & stretching when you pick the doughnuts up lớn fry. Any non-terry towel is good, but flour sack–type linens work the best.

Heavy-Bottomed Large Pot for Frying You can use a deep fryer to make doughnuts, but it's not required. Instead, use a heavy-bottomed pot large enough lớn hold about 1 50% liters of oil. You want the oil lớn be about 2 inches deep and for there khổng lồ be 2 inches between the surface of the oil and the top of the pot. It's also essential that the pot is heavy-duty; enameled cast-iron Dutch ovens are prefect và do a wonderful job of maintaining consistent oil temperature. A deep fryer offers the advantage of consistent oil temperature, but keep in mind that it requires about twice as much oil as the pot method.

Deep-Fry Thermometer Also known as a candy thermometer, a deep-fry thermometer is essential for measuring and maintaining a constant oil temperature. Look for one that measures up to lớn 400°F, and has a đoạn phim for attaching khổng lồ the side of the pot. If you use a deep fryer, you won't need a separate thermometer.

Doughnut Pans If you want khổng lồ make baked cake doughnuts, you will need khổng lồ invest in a special doughnut pan khổng lồ create classic round-bottomed pastries. Doughnut pans can be made of metal or silicone, and both work well. In a pinch, you can substitute a mini-muffin pan, but the doughnuts won't have that characteristic rounded shape.

Doughnut Machine While far from essential, a doughnut machine offers another way khổng lồ make cake doughnuts at home. It's similar to a waffle-maker và cooks the whole doughnut with liên hệ heat, so the top & bottom have the same crust texture. If you vày invest in a doughnut machine, it's best lớn use batters that are designed for baking rather than frying.